About Albany, New York
At just under 100,000 inhabitants, Albany is the capital and third largest city in the state of New York. Located 150 miles north of New York city, it is known for being home to many Fortune 500 companies such as CommerceHub, JPMorgan, Merrill Lynch, General, Electric. Verixon and GoldmanSachs among others.
The area outside the city of Albany was originally the land of the Mahican and Mohawk Native American tribes . Albany was the first European colony in the state of New York, originally settled by the Dutch. The first building they built was the fur trading post Fort Nassau in 1614 and the second Fort Orange ten years later. The fur trade drew families of colonists into the area and soon the first village, Beverwijck, was established. In 1664 the English arrived and took over the Dutch town, renaming the city Albany, after the Duke of Albany. Twenty-four years later the city was under English rule. Only in 1797 did it gain independence and became the capital of the state.
Due to the city's long, rich history, neighborhoods in Albany, NY are very diverse in architecture, history, demographics, and ethnic flavor. The city center is the oldest neighborhood and it is located on the city's main street, State Street, one of the historical streets in Albany. Downtown is heart of the city's administrative center and home to many state organizations. Recently, urban expansion efforts to make downtown more residential have emerged, spawning plans for new condos and apartments. Residential neighborhoods can be found Northern and Southern of the city center with the neighborhoods of Sheridan Hollow, Arbor Hill, and North Albany, and South End respectively. The neighborhoods in South End are more affordable and attract minorities and residents with lower incomes.
City of Immigrants
The citizens of Albany come from many different ethnic backgrounds. The city was first settled by the Dutch and Germans, then the English came in. Many of these families were among the thousands who took the Oregon Trail to what would become Portland, OR and spread throughout the West Coast. Irish immigrants appeared in the region in early 1950's and soon after that Italians and Poles. This mixture of histories has created a diverse landscape across the entire city.